While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution. A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947.

The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic.


Fun & Facts:

  • The World’s Largest & Most Diverse Democracy:

The size of democracy, in this context, is in terms of population, not physical area. A government is only as large as the number of people it encompasses, With 1.25 billion people, or 17.5% of the world’s population, home to 8 major religions, over 4600 castes, as well as 22 federally recognised, 122 major and 1599 other languages in use, India is also the most diverse democracy in the world.

  • 2nd Most Populous Nation in the World:

India boasts of a human population of about 1, 283, 560, 000 people (approx..1.284 Billion), India is the 2nd most populous nation in the world, only second to China.

Countries by Population

  • 3rd Largest Economy by  Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) GDP

With respect to the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year (GDP), India is the world’s 3rd Largest Economy by Purchasing Power Parity with about $7.4 trillion worth of GDP. 

Selection of GDP PPP data (top 10 countries and blocks) based on en:List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP) (IMF for 2014)

3rd Largest Standing Army in the World:

With about 1,325, 000 (active military), 1,155,000 (reserve military), 2,288,407 (paramilitary), 4,768,407 (Total military), 3.9 (total per 1000 capital), 1.1 (active per 1000 capita).

Countries by soldier count
Countries by soldier count

 India has the 3rd Largest standing Army in the world and also has spent over $45 billion on their military in year 2015 maintaining their position in the world’s top 10 according to military expenditure.

Countries by military expenditure
Countries by military expenditure
  • 7th Largest Country by Area:

With a total (both land & water) area of 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 mi2), Land only at 2,864,021 km 2 (1,105,805 mi2), water only at about 302,393 km 2 (116,755 mi2 ), and only 9.55% water of it’s area covered with water, India stands tall as the 7th Largest country by area.

  • 9th Largest Economy by Nominal GDP: 

 According to IMF, World Bank, UN, and CIA world fact book list and classification, India is the World’s 9th largest  Economy by Nominal GDP, sitting with about $2.051 trillion calculated with it’s official exchange rate.

Countries by Nominal GDP
Countries by Nominal GDP 2014

Credit:, The world fact book (CIA).

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